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Company report, featuring a PESTLE, Porters Five Forces, 5C, MOST, CATWOE and SWOT analysis


This study, part of our coverage of the world’s top 10,000 companies, provides a comprehensive look at BYD. It is continually produced and updated to provide the most current information available.

Full access to this study on BYD, including the SWOT analysis, PESTLE, 5C analysis, CATWOE, Porters Five Forces, MOST analysis, and a myriad of additional high value sections is available for Premium members only.

We identify potential new products and services, forecast future market trends, and predict synergies between BYD and other organisations that are separate from the analysis-driven sections.

Company Description

BYD is a Chinese company headquartered in Shenzhen, China, founded in 1995. BYD's main products and services focus on the automotive and electronics industries, with products ranging from electric buses, cars, and trucks to rechargeable batteries and solar energy systems. It serves markets all over the world, including the United States, Europe, and Asia.

Industry Overview

BYD operates in the automotive and technology industries. The total market size for these industries combined is estimated to be around $2.2 trillion worldwide, with millions of employees worldwide. BYD itself employs over 200,000 people in more than 50 countries, including China, the United States, and Europe. The majority of BYD's employees are based in China.

Industry Classification

In terms of formal classification, Platform Executive has tagged BYD as a business operating within the Automotive Manufacturers industry.

Table of Contents

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Intellectual Property

Some of the Patents granted to, or relevant to the organisation include the following:

Patent Title: Method of controlling the combination of a powertrain and a vehicle body
Patent ID: 10,726,837
Date: October 13, 2020

Patent Title: Vehicle powertrain control method
Patent ID: 10,711,856
Date: September 15, 2020

Patent Title: Vehicle body control method
Patent ID: 10,711,335
Date: September 15, 2020

Patent Title: Battery module
Patent ID: 10,703,428
Date: September 8, 2020

Patent Title: Vehicle powertrain
Patent ID: 10,701,823
Date: September 8, 2020

Patent Title: Vehicle wheel structure
Patent ID: 10,698,824
Date: September 1, 2020

Patent Title: Vehicle wheel structure
Patent ID: 10,694,905
Date: September 1, 2020

Patent Title: Vehicle wheel structure
Patent ID: 10,694,904
Date: September 1, 2020

Patent Title: Vehicle wheel structure
Patent ID: 10,694,903
Date: September 1, 2020

Patent Title: Vehicle wheel structure
Patent ID: 10,694,902
Date: September 1, 2020

Patent Title: Vehicle wheel structure
Patent ID: 10,694,901
Date: September 1, 2020

Major Products & Services

The main products and/or services commercialised by this business include the following:

  • Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV)
  • Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV)
  • Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV)
  • Electric Buses
  • Electric Trucks
  • Solar Panels
  • Electric Car Chargers
  • Mobile Energy Storage Systems
  • Energy Management Systems
  • Automotive Components

Key Competitors

We have identified the following organisations as being key competitors:

  • Tesla
  • Volkswagen
  • Toyota
  • Nissan
  • Honda
  • Hyundai
  • Kia
  • BMW
  • Mercedes-Benz
  • General Motors
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Key Stakeholders

Stakeholders are individuals or groups who have an interest in a business and/or are affected by its actions.

These stakeholders can have different requirements and expectations from the business, which must be taken into account when making decisions.

By understanding their stakeholders’ requirements, a business can make informed decisions that benefit all involved.

Below is the list of internal and external stakeholders we have identified for this business:

1. Shareholders: Investors and shareholders of BYD's stock.

2. Employees: Those who work at BYD, including executives, managers, and other personnel.

3. Customers: Individuals and businesses who purchase BYD products.

4. Suppliers: Companies and organisations that provide BYD with materials, components, and other resources.

5. Government: Government agencies that regulate and support BYD's operations.

6. Partners: Companies and organisations that collaborate with BYD on research and development, production, and marketing.

7. Media: Journalists, bloggers, and other media outlets who cover BYD's activities.

8. Competitors: Other companies that operate in the same industry as BYD.

Value Proposition

A value proposition explains the unique value and/or benefits that an organisation provides to its customers, partners, stakeholders and the overall market. It outlines what makes a company like BYD different from its competitors, along with what it can offer that key competitors cannot.

A corporate value proposition can be used with the competitive advantages section of this report in order to better understand BYD and its position within the marketplace.

The BYD Electric Vehicle Company offers customers a unique and sustainable product line-up. BYD offers a full range of electric vehicles, including sedans, SUVs, and pickup trucks. Customers can choose from a variety of battery options, ranging from a standard battery to a high-capacity battery. BYD also offers a full line of charging stations, allowing customers to charge their vehicles at home or at the office.

Competitive Advantages

Competitive advantages are unique attributes, strategies, resources, or capabilities that allow an organisation to outperform its competitors and achieve superior market position and profitability.

Competitive advantages for the business include the following:

Cost Efficiency: BYD has built a reputation for cost efficiency due to their extensive use of automation and vertically integrated production process. This has allowed them to remain a leader in the electric vehicle industry and offer competitive prices.

Brand Recognition: BYD is a well-established and recognised brand, with an extensive global presence. This has enabled them to build customer loyalty and trust, allowing them to stand out from their competitors.

Innovation: BYD has been an innovator in the electric vehicle industry, introducing new technologies such as their proprietary battery management system. This has enabled them to remain at the forefront of the market and offer customers more options.

Quality: BYD is known for their quality, producing reliable and safe vehicles. This has allowed them to establish a reputation for dependability, as well as gaining customer trust.

Environmental Responsibility: BYD is committed to sustainability and has implemented a number of initiatives to reduce their environmental impact. This has enabled them to stand out from their competitors and appeal to environmentally conscious consumers.

Customers & Cohorts

As part of this competitive intelligence study, we have identified the main customers of the organisation.

These include the following cohorts:

  • Business customers
  • Government customers
  • Fleet customers
  • Retail customers
  • Fleet leasing customers
  • Mobility customers
  • Mobility service customers
  • Tour and rental customers
  • Car-sharing customers
  • Autonomous driving customers

Market Trends

Market trends can impact an organisation by influencing consumer behavior, altering supply and demand dynamics, and affecting the organisation's ability to remain competitive in the market.

As part of this study, we have identified a number of potential short-term to medium-term trends that could impact the organisation. These include the following:

Key Market Trends
Technology: BYD needs to keep up with the rapid evolution of technology in order to remain competitive in the market. For example, autonomous and electric vehicles are becoming increasingly popular and BYD will need to stay on top of these trends to remain competitive.

Sustainability: Consumers are increasingly looking for sustainable solutions and BYD needs to ensure that their products and services are environmentally friendly and sustainable.

Globalization: With the increased globalization of the economy, BYD needs to have a strong international presence in order to remain competitive. This means having a presence in multiple markets and understanding the needs and preferences of customers in those markets.

Disruptors: BYD should be aware of disruptive technologies and companies that could potentially compete with them. This could include new entrants to the market that could offer cheaper, more efficient solutions to the same customer needs.

Key Performance Indicators

Key Performance Indicators

Below is a list of KPI's that we have identified as being strategically relevant to this organisation:

Financials (BETA)

The key financials for BYD include income statements, which can be found in their annual reports. These financial statements provide information on the organisation's financial performance and health, including revenue, expenses, and profits. This information, along with other indicators are used by investors, analysts and other stakeholders to evaluate the company's performance and future prospects.

Where a financial does not match, we have included those of the parent company (if a listed entity). If the financials are missing please contact us and we will prioritise the update.

Key Financials

Key Personnel

Income Statement

[eod_financials target="BYD.US" id="10329343" preset="Income Statement" years="2018-2023"]


Top-level corporate stats and financial highlights for the listed entity, include:

Share Performance

Below is the current (EOD) share performance for the company, or its listed parent:

Potential Products/Services

As part of this study we have attempted to prognosticate potential products and/or services this organisation could develop in the short to medium-term.

Automated Parking Solutions: BYD could develop an automated parking system for their electric vehicles which would allow for seamless and automated entry and exit from parking garages.

Autonomous Driving Technology: BYD could develop autonomous driving technology to enable their vehicles to drive themselves.

Fleet Management Solutions: BYD could develop fleet management solutions to help businesses manage their fleets of electric vehicles more efficiently.

Electric Charging Stations: BYD could create a network of electric charging stations to help customers recharge their vehicles on the go.

Smartphone Applications: BYD could create smartphone applications to enable customers to control and monitor their electric vehicles remotely.

Electric Vehicle Hire Services: BYD could create electric vehicle hire services to allow customers to hire electric vehicles for short-term use.

Potential Synergies

Using our product and portfolio-matching algorithm, we have determined that the following organisations have potential synergies with the company:

1. Tesla: Both companies are major players in the electric vehicle industry and have collaborated on projects in the past.
2. Panasonic: BYD has licensed several of its cell technology from Panasonic and the two companies have collaborated on several projects.
3. Siemens: BYD and Siemens have partnered on several projects in the past, including the development of electric vehicle charging stations.
4. Microsoft: BYD has partnered with Microsoft on projects such as the development of cloud-based software solutions.
5. LG: BYD and LG have collaborated on projects in the past, including the development of advanced electric vehicle batteries.

Porter's Five Forces

Created by Harvard Business School Professor Michael Porter in 1979, Porter's Five Forces model is designed to help analyse the particular attractiveness of an industry; evaluate investment options; and better assess the competitive environment.

The five forces are as follows:

  • Competitive rivalry
  • Supplier power
  • Buyer power
  • Threat of substitution
  • Threat of new entries
With regard to BYD, the company scores relatively HIGH in all 5 forces.

1. Threat of new entrants - LOW. The automotive industry is capital intensive and requires significant research and development investment. Additionally, BYD has a strong brand and established relationships with suppliers and dealers.

2. Bargaining power of buyers - MODERATE. There are many choices for buyers in the automotive market, but BYD's products are differentiated and offer value for the price.

3. Bargaining power of suppliers - LOW. BYD has vertically integrated its operations and has a strong relationship with its suppliers.

4. Threat of substitute products or services - LOW. There are few substitutes for automobiles.

5. Rivalry among existing competitors - HIGH. The automotive industry is HIGHLY competitive, but BYD has a strong position in the Chinese market.

PESTLE Analysis

This PESTLE analysis is a strategic planning tool that assesses key external factors affecting the organisation, including the following:

  • Political
  • Economic
  • Social
  • Technological
  • Legal
  • Environmental

Each of these factors is analysed to determine their impact on the organisations strategy, objectives, and operations.

By utilising a PESTLE analysis, the organisation can make better decisions and develop strategies to address potential risks and opportunities.

PESTLE Analysis

CATWOE Analysis


The CATWOE analysis is used to investigate each stakeholders perspectives in order to enable the business to make informed decisions.

The CATWOE analysis is a problem-solving tool consisting of six elements:

  • Customers
  • Actors
  • Transformation process
  • World view
  • Owners
  • Environmental constraints

We view the CATWOE as being most useful when used in conjunction with other problem-solving tools such as a SWOT analysis.

Customers: BYD’s customers are those who are interested in alternative energy and sustainable transportation solutions, such as electric cars and buses, solar panels, and rechargeable batteries. They are looking for products that are safe, cost effective and reliable.

Actors: BYD’s actors include its customers, suppliers, partners, employees, and the government. They are all involved in the development and production of BYD’s products.

Transformation process: BYD’s transformation process involves product research and development, manufacturing, supply chain management, marketing, and customer service. They strive to develop and produce products that are safe, reliable, and cost effective.

World view: BYD views the world as an opportunity to provide sustainable, green energy solutions and transportation options. They strive to create a better future through their products, and are committed to reducing the environmental impact of their operations.

Owners: BYD is owned by Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway, and a consortium of Chinese investors.

Environmental constraints: BYD is subject to the environmental regulations of the countries in which it operates. They must ensure that their operations adhere to the applicable laws and regulations. They also strive to reduce the environmental impact of their operations, such as reducing emissions, water usage, and waste.

SWOT Analysis

This SWOT analysis is a strategic planning tool used to assess the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of the BYD business.

When creating this SWOT the team at Platform Executive have taken into consideration the corporate strategy; brand; key financials; the competitive landscape; along with the products and/or services offered.

To offer increased context for future innovation and product development we also consider the historical context for the business and industry; and perceived direction of travel.

Upon researching the company, we have uncovered a number of strategic and operational strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats.

SWOT Analysis


Below is a list of the strengths we have identified for the business:

1. BYD's strategic and operational strengths include its strong market position in China, its technology leadership in batteries and electric vehicles, its low-cost manufacturing capabilities, and its vertically integrated business model.

2. BYD has a strong market position in China, the world's largest market for electric vehicles. The company is the leading manufacturer of electric buses in China and is the largest producer of lithium-ion batteries in the world.

3. BYD has technology leadership in batteries and electric vehicles. The company has developed a unique iron-phosphate battery technology that is significantly more durable and safer than conventional lithium-ion batteries. BYD's electric vehicles have a range of up to 300 kilometers (186 miles) on a single charge, significantly higher than most other electric vehicles on the market.

4. BYD has low-cost manufacturing capabilities. The company has a vertically integrated business model that allows it to control costs throughout the value chain. BYD's manufacturing facilities are located in China, where labour and land costs are significantly lower than in developed markets.


Below is a list of opportunities we have identified for the business:

1. Increase customer loyalty and satisfaction by providing high-quality products and services. BYD could develop a customer relationship management system to track customer feedback and use it to guide product and service enhancements.

2. Expand geographic reach by entering new markets. BYD could use market research to identify potential new markets and develop strategies to tap into those markets.

3. Improve operational efficiency by streamlining processes and reducing waste. BYD could analyse operations to identify areas of waste and inefficiency and implement new technologies and procedures to eliminate them.

4. Leverage data to gain insights and make informed decisions. BYD could use data analytics to uncover trends and patterns in customer behaviour and use those insights to develop new products and services.


Below is a list of the weaknesses we have identified for the business:

1. Lack of international expansion: BYD is heavily reliant on the Chinese market and has yet to establish a meaningful presence in other countries.

2. Limited product range: BYD’s lineup is mostly comprised of entry-level and mid-range vehicles, with few high-end offerings.

3. Inefficient production: BYD’s factories are not as efficient as those of its foreign competitors, leading to higher production costs.

4. Weak after-sales service: BYD’s service network is not as developed as those of its competitors, resulting in poorer customer satisfaction.


Below is a list of the threats we have identified for the business:

1. Competition: BYD faces increased competition from larger, well-established companies, such as Tesla, BMW, and Daimler, that have greater resources and deeper pockets. This could lead to BYD losing market share and potential customers.

2. Supply Chain: BYD's supply chain is vulnerable to disruptions, as it is heavily reliant on Chinese suppliers. This could lead to shortages of components and raw materials, resulting in production delays and higher costs.

3. Technology: BYD is relying on new technologies, such as electric vehicles, autonomous driving, and connected services, which are still in their early stages of development. If these technologies do not become widely adopted, this could lead to lost revenue opportunities and increased costs.

4. Regulatory Environment: BYD is facing increasingly stringent regulations, both in China and abroad, which could limit its ability to sell its products in certain markets. This could lead to decreased revenue and lost market share.

5C Analysis

The 5C Analysis is a marketing framework that can be used to provide insight into the key drivers of success, as well as the risk exposure to various environmental factors.
This (concise) 5C analysis examines the external and internal environment for BYD. It includes analysing the company's customers, competitors, collaborators, context, and capabilities. We have produced this short analysis to identify potential opportunities and threats to BYD, as well as areas where the company needs to improve its operations or strategy.
Company: BYD is a Chinese multinational automobile and green energy company that was founded in 1995. It is one of the world’s leading manufacturers of electric vehicles and batteries.

Collaborators: BYD has collaborated with many companies such as Daimler Group, Apple, Amazon, and Volkswagen. These collaborations have helped them to expand their product range and reach more customers.

Customers: BYD’s electric vehicles, batteries and other products are used by customers in the automotive, energy storage and renewable energy sectors. Their products are becoming increasingly popular due to their quality, affordability and environmental friendliness.

Competitors: BYD’s main competitors are Tesla, Volkswagen, and General Motors. They are all competing to develop the best electric vehicles and batteries.

Content: BYD produces content discussing the benefits of their products, the latest news in the automotive industry and their collaborations. This content is used to educate their customers, promote their products, and build brand loyalty.
5C Analysis

MOST Analysis

MOST Analysis

The MOST analysis framework is commonly used to identify an organisation's strategic goals, assess its strengths and weaknesses, and develop a plan to achieve its objectives. This analysis helps organisations to focus on what they want to achieve and how to achieve it, while also identifying potential roadblocks or obstacles that may arise along the way.

  • Mission
  • Objectives
  • Strategy
  • Tactics

We have created this analysis from a 3rd person perspective.

Innovation Scorecard

As part of our research and analysis activity, the team at Platform Executive assesses and then benchmarks businesses and the industry verticals in which they operate using a proprietary scoring mechanism.

First, we allocate a score of A-E for the industry vertical, gauged on the key organisations operating within the space; and then score the individual business using a 1-5 score.

A score of D-E within an industry means that it is potentially ripe to be disrupted by a new entrant into the marketplace; and/or vulnerable to technological change.

Likewise, a high score of 4-5 for the company in question indicates that in the view of the analysis team it lags behind notable businesses in terms of innovation and product pipeline.

Innovation Scorecard

Below is a guide to each score:

Industry score:

A The industry is amongst the most innovative; with the leading players all driving the sector forward.
Example industry: PaaS
B The industry and its leading players have a good track record of innovation; and can quickly react to change.
Example industry: Pharmaceutical
C Companies operating within the sector have adequate levels of innovation; and engage in R&D activities when appropriate.
Example industry: FMCG
DBusinesses operating in the industry do not invest enough time and resource into innovation. The sector is stagnant and a good candidate for disruption.
Example industry: Retail Banking
E The major players in the sector seem to lack suitable product development roadmaps; and as a result the sector is highly vulnerable to industry change.
Example industry: Publishing


Company score:

1 The business is amongst the leading players in terms innovation and product pipeline. This will fulfil and reinforce the operations of the business in the medium to long-term.
2 The business has a good track record of innovation, in terms of its products and/or its business model. It is therefore more likely to be able to react and adapt to any changes to the industry.
3 The business is deemed to have an adequate innovation plan, build on research and development and sustainability where appropriate. The business has a product development strategy.
4The business needs to invest more resource and/or intellectual capital in product development, pipelines and/or its business model. The business is at risk of stagnation.
5 The business seems to lack a suitable product development roadmap; and as a result is vulnerable to any notable industry change and/or new entrants in the marketplace.
The team at Platform Executive has judged BYD as having an innovation score of B2.


The appendices section of this report contains supplementary information that the team at Platform Executive deems helpful in providing a more comprehensive understanding of the report's contents.

This information is not considered an essential part of the study but serves as a useful supplement to the main text.


This study on BYD forms part of our series of competitive intelligence reports, which focuses on 10,000 of the largest corporates.

The information and data included are updated on a timely schedule to ensure that our Premium members receive the most up to date information .

The report is based on information and learning from the following sources:

  • Corporate websites
  • Proprietary research databases
  • SEC Filings
  • Corporate press releases
  • News articles
  • Financial data API's
  • Product-matching algorithm

Further Information

Premium members: If you cannot find the desired information or data set for the business you are researching then please reach out to our research and analysis team. We can tailor reports to meet your requiremnents, with a fast turnaround time.

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Reproduction of the content produced in this report is prohibited without the prior permission of the publisher, Platform Executive Pty Ltd.

The facts of this report have been gathered in good faith from both primary and secondary sources. It is believed to be correct at the time of publication, but cannot be guaranteed. As such Platform Executive can accept no liability whatever for actions taken based on any information that may subsequently prove to be incorrect.


Premium members: To request a priority update to this report, please contact us. Our standard turnaround time is normally 48 hours.

The changelog for this report can be found below, complete with the next scheduled update:

v1.1: Initial load of report
Date: 1st March 2023

Key Financials added (BETA)
Date: 17th March 2023

Next scheduled update: 6th June 2023

Industry Keywords

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