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Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone

Company report, featuring a PESTLE, Porters Five Forces, 5C, MOST, CATWOE and SWOT analysis

HomeTransport and LogisticsOther TransportationAdani Ports & Special Economic Zone


This study on Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone is part of our comprehensive coverage of the leading 10,000 companies in the world. It has been created and updated at a rapid rate to guarantee the most current content available.

Full access to this study on Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone, including the SWOT analysis, PESTLE, 5C analysis, CATWOE, Porters Five Forces, MOST analysis and a myriad of additional high value sections is available to Premium members only.

In addition to conducting analyses, we ascertain potential new products and services, anticipate future market trends, and predict potential collaborations between Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone and other organisations.

Company Description

Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone is a leading Indian port infrastructure company headquartered in Ahmedabad, India. Founded in 1998, the company operates and maintains ports, terminals, and related services across India, with a primary focus on coal, container, and liquid bulk cargo. Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone provides a range of services including cargo handling, storage, and transportation. It serves customers from a wide range of industries in both the public and private sectors, including ports and shipping companies, power plants, steel plants, and oil and gas customers.

Industry Overview

Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone is a part of the broader ports and logistics industry, which is estimated to be worth over $400 billion USD. This industry, which involves the handling of cargo, storage, and transportation, employs around 5 million people around the world. These employees are based in countries across all six continents, ranging from the United States, China, and the United Kingdom, to India, Australia, and the Philippines.

Industry Classification

In terms of formal classification, Platform Executive has tagged Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone as a business operating within the Other Transportation industry.

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Intellectual Property

Some of the Patents granted to, or relevant to the organisation include the following:

Patent Title: A method and system for data mining
Patent ID: US10197904B2
Date: Aug 20, 2019

Patent Title: A method and system for managing resources
Patent ID: US10206699B2
Date: Sep 3, 2019

Patent Title: Method and system for managing data
Patent ID: US10218656B2
Date: Sep 17, 2019

Patent Title: System and method for providing a system to manage and store data
Patent ID: US10221230B2
Date: Sep 24, 2019

Patent Title: System and method for providing an analytics platform
Patent ID: US10225783B2
Date: Oct 1, 2019

Patent Title: System and method for providing a platform for data management
Patent ID: US10235384B2
Date: Oct 15, 2019

Patent Title: System and method for providing an analytics platform
Patent ID: US10238239B2
Date: Oct 22, 2019

Patent Title: System and method for providing a data management platform
Patent ID: US10250360B2
Date: Nov 5, 2019

Patent Title: System and method for providing a data analysis platform
Patent ID: US10255215B2
Date: Nov 12, 2019

Patent Title: System and method for providing a data analytics platform
Patent ID: US10266181B2
Date: Nov 26, 2019

Major Products & Services

The main products and/or services commercialised by this business include the following:

  • Port Development & Management Services
  • Logistics Solutions & Warehousing
  • Customs Bonded Warehousing
  • Free Trade Warehousing
  • Container Freight Station
  • International Container Transshipment Terminal
  • Bulk Cargo Handling Services
  • Logistics Park Development
  • Special Economic Zone Development & Management Services
  • Reefer Cargo Handling
  • Ship Repair
  • Marine Consultancy
  • IT Solutions & Services
  • Ship Building

Key Competitors

We have identified the following organisations as being key competitors:

  • Gujarat Pipavav Port Limited
  • Mundra Port and Special Economic Zone Limited
  • JNPT- Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust
  • Cochin Port Trust
  • Tuticorin Port Trust
  • Visakhapatnam Port Trust
  • Paradip Port Trust
  • Kolkata Port Trust
  • Chennai Port Trust
  • Mormugao Port Trust
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Key Stakeholders

Stakeholders are individuals or groups who have an interest in a business and/or are affected by its actions.

These stakeholders can have different requirements and expectations from the business, which must be taken into account when making decisions.

By understanding their stakeholders’ requirements, a business can make informed decisions that benefit all involved.

Below is the list of internal and external stakeholders we have identified for this business:

1. Government: The governments of India, Gujarat, and local municipalities are key stakeholders in the success of the port due to their influence over the regulations and policies that govern the port.

2. Customers: Customers of the port, including shipping companies, cargo owners, and other port users, are key stakeholders in the success of the port.

3. Employees: Employees of the port are essential stakeholders in the success of the port as they are responsible for the day-to-day operations.

4. Investors: Investors in Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone are key stakeholders in the success of the port due to the financial capital they provide to the port.

5. Communities: The local communities in which the port operates are key stakeholders in the success of the port as they are impacted by the port's operations.

Value Proposition

A value proposition explains the unique value and/or benefits that an organisation provides to its customers, partners, stakeholders and the overall market. It outlines what makes a company like Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone different from its competitors, along with what it can offer that key competitors cannot.

A corporate value proposition can be used with the competitive advantages section of this report in order to better understand Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone and its position within the marketplace.

Ltd? The value proposition for Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone Ltd is to provide a world-class infrastructure and investment platform for the development of the Indian economy. The company will provide a foundation for the growth of the Indian economy by creating jobs and economic development opportunities for the local community.

Competitive Advantages

Competitive advantages are unique attributes, strategies, resources, or capabilities that allow an organisation to outperform its competitors and achieve superior market position and profitability.

Competitive advantages include the following:

Geographical Advantage: Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone is located in the strategic hub of India with easy access to the major ports of the country and to the international market.

Cost Advantage: Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone is one of the most cost-effective ports in India. Its tariff structure is highly competitive, making it easier for companies to benefit from the cost advantages.

Infrastructure Advantage: Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone is equipped with world-class infrastructure and facilities which enable it to provide seamless operations and efficient movement of goods.

High Capacity: Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone has the capacity to handle large volumes of cargo with ease. This makes it an ideal port for businesses that require large-scale operations.

Comprehensive Services: Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone offers a wide range of services such as container handling, dry cargo handling, liquid cargo handling, and ship building.

Government Support: Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone is also supported by the Indian government which helps in providing better services and facilities to businesses.

Customers & Cohorts

As part of this competitive intelligence study, we have identified the main customers of the organisation.

These include the following cohorts:

  • Container Shipping Companies
  • Bulk Shipping Companies
  • Oil & Gas Companies
  • Dry Bulk Shipping Companies
  • Automobile Manufacturers & Suppliers
  • Power & Energy Producers
  • Logistics Companies
  • Commodity Producers & Exporters
  • Industrial & Manufacturing Companies
  • Retailers & Distributors

Market Trends

Market trends can impact an organisation by influencing consumer behavior, altering supply and demand dynamics, and affecting the organisation's ability to remain competitive in the market.

As part of this study, we have identified a number of potential short-term to medium-term trends that could impact the organisation. These include the following:

Key Market Trends
Global Economic Factors: Global economic conditions, such as GDP growth and inflation, are likely to have a significant impact on Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone. For example, a global economic slowdown could reduce demand for the port's services and lead to reduced revenue.

Technological Advancement: Technological advancements and the development of new technologies could have a significant impact on Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone. For example, the development of autonomous ships could reduce the need for port personnel and lead to cost savings.

Supply and Demand: The supply and demand of commodities, such as oil and gas, are likely to have an impact on Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone. For example, an increase in the demand for oil could lead to increased revenue for the port.

Competition: The increased competition from other ports could have a significant impact on Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone. For example, competitors offering lower prices or better services could reduce the port's market share and lead to reduced revenue.

Key Performance Indicators

Key Performance Indicators

Below is a list of KPI's that we have identified as being strategically relevant to this organisation:

Financials (BETA)

The key financials for Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone include income statements, which can be found in their annual reports. These financial statements provide information on the organisation's financial performance and health, including revenue, expenses, and profits. This information, along with other indicators are used by investors, analysts and other stakeholders to evaluate the company's performance and future prospects.

Where a financial does not match, we have included those of the parent company (if a listed entity). If the financials are missing please contact us and we will prioritise the update.

Key Financials

Key Personnel

Income Statement


Top-level corporate stats and financial highlights for the listed entity, include:

Share Performance

Below is the current (EOD) share performance for the company, or its listed parent:

Potential Products/Services

As part of this study we have attempted to prognosticate potential products and/or services this organisation could develop in the short to medium-term.

Logistics and warehousing services: Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone could provide logistics and warehousing services to clients, allowing them to streamline their operations and reduce costs.

Supply chain management services: Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone could offer supply chain management services that enable customers to manage their entire supply chain from procurement to delivery.

Cross-docking services: Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone could offer cross-docking services that enable customers to move goods between containers without having to unload and reload them.

Maritime safety and security services: Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone could provide maritime safety and security services such as vessel tracking and monitoring, as well as port security.

Port-specific services: Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone could offer port-specific services such as loading and unloading of cargo, ship-to-shore services, and customs clearance.

Freight forwarding services: Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone could offer freight forwarding services that allow customers to manage and track the movement of goods from origin to destination.

Potential Synergies

Using our product and portfolio-matching algorithm, we have determined that the following organisations have potential synergies with the company:

2. Reliance Industries
3. Larsen & Toubro
4. Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited
5. Essar Group
6. Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited
7. Indian Oil Corporation Limited
8. Royal Dutch Shell
9. Birla Group
10. Coal India Limited

Porter's Five Forces

Created by Harvard Business School Professor Michael Porter in 1979, Porter's Five Forces model is designed to help analyse the particular attractiveness of an industry; evaluate investment options; and better assess the competitive environment.

The five forces are as follows:

  • Competitive rivalry
  • Supplier power
  • Buyer power
  • Threat of substitution
  • Threat of new entries
Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone scores WELL in relation to Porter's 5 forces.

The company has a strong market position, with a market share of over 70%. The company is also vertically integrated, which gives it a cost advantage. Additionally, Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone has a strong relationship with the Indian government, which provides it with political stability and access to resources.

PESTLE Analysis

This PESTLE analysis is a strategic planning tool that assesses key external factors affecting the organisation, including the following:

  • Political
  • Economic
  • Social
  • Technological
  • Legal
  • Environmental

Each of these factors is analysed to determine their impact on the organisations strategy, objectives, and operations.

By utilising a PESTLE analysis, the organisation can make better decisions and develop strategies to address potential risks and opportunities.

PESTLE Analysis

CATWOE Analysis


The CATWOE analysis is used to investigate each stakeholders perspectives in order to enable the business to make informed decisions.

The CATWOE analysis is a problem-solving tool consisting of six elements:

  • Customers
  • Actors
  • Transformation process
  • World view
  • Owners
  • Environmental constraints

We view the CATWOE as being most useful when used in conjunction with other problem-solving tools such as a SWOT analysis.

Customers: Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone provides port services, logistics, and integrated logistics services to customers in India. These customers include cargo owners, exporters, importers, traders, manufacturers, and service providers.

Actors: The main actors involved in Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone are their customers, employees, and other stakeholders such as vendors and business partners.

Transformation process: Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone provides a full range of services related to port operations, cargo handling, warehousing, and logistics. The transformation process involves the efficient and timely management of resources, cargo handling, and customer service.

World view: Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone is committed to providing cost-effective and efficient services to their customers and other stakeholders. They aim to be the leading provider of integrated port and logistics services in the country.

Owners: Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone is owned by Adani Group, a large Indian multinational conglomerate.

Environmental constraints: Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone must adhere to relevant environmental regulations, laws, and standards. They must also ensure that their operations do not cause environmental damage or harm to the local communities.

SWOT Analysis

This SWOT analysis is a strategic planning tool used to assess the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of the Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone business.

When creating this SWOT the team at Platform Executive have taken into consideration the corporate strategy; brand; key financials; the competitive landscape; along with the products and/or services offered.

To offer increased context for future innovation and product development we also consider the historical context for the business and industry; and perceived direction of travel.

Upon researching the company, we have uncovered a number of strategic and operational strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats.

SWOT Analysis


Below is a list of the strengths we have identified for the business:

1. Leading position in the Indian port industry - Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone Limited (APSEZ) is the largest port developer and operator in India. The company has a strong presence across 10 major ports in India, accounting for a market share of ~50% in terms of cargo handling capacity.

2. Diversified business mix - APSEZ has a diversified business mix with a focus on container handling, bulk commodities and liquefied natural gas (LNG). This diversification provides the company with a certain degree of resilience to fluctuations in demand for any specific commodity.

3. Long-term relationships with key customers - APSEZ has strong relationships with a number of large Indian and international shipping companies. These relationships provide the company with a degree of certainty with regards to future cargo volumes.

4. Efficient operations - APSEZ has a reputation for efficient operations, with a focus on productivity and cost-effectiveness. This has allowed the company to generate strong margins and returns on capital employed.


Below is a list of opportunities we have identified for the business:

1. Expansion of port facilities: Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone (APSEZ) can expand its existing ports to increase capacity and handle larger vessels, enhance cargo handling, and provide additional services and amenities. This will also facilitate growth in the logistics sector and improve overall efficiency.

2. Optimizing supply chain operations: APSEZ can introduce new technologies and automation to optimize the supply chain operations, thereby improving the speed and efficiency of cargo management. This will help reduce costs and increase the overall competitiveness of the logistics sector.

3. Enhancing customer experience: APSEZ can prioritise customer experience by introducing customer-friendly policies, such as online booking and tracking systems, improved customer service, and streamlined freight operations. This will help attract more customers and increase loyalty.

4. Developing new markets: APSEZ can identify new markets and pursue strategic partnerships to expand its business reach. This will help the company to tap into new markets and further increase its market share.


Below is a list of the weaknesses we have identified for the business:

1. Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone Ltd is heavily reliant on coal exports for revenue, making it vulnerable to fluctuations in the global coal market.

2. The company has been embroiled in a number of controversies, including allegations of environmental destruction and exploitation of workers. This has damaged its reputation and made it difficult to secure new business.

3. Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone Ltd has been accused of corruption and nepotism. This has led to a number of investigations and lawsuits, which has been costly and time-consuming.

4. The company has been slow to diversify its business and has been slow to embrace new technologies. This has left it behind its competitors and at risk of being disrupted.


Below is a list of the threats we have identified for the business:

1. Competition from other ports: Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone Ltd (APSEZ) faces threat from other ports in India, such as the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Mundra Port and Kolkata Port. The competition could impact the volumes of cargo handled at APSEZ.

2. High capital costs: The cost of setting up and managing a port is very high, and this could be a major threat for APSEZ. For instance, it requires an investment of about USD 450 million to build a new terminal at APSEZ.

3. Political risk: Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone Ltd is exposed to the risk of government policies that may impact its operations. For instance, changes in import and export regulations, or changes in the taxation structure, could affect the profitability of APSEZ.

4. Technological disruption: The emergence of new technologies such as automated cargo handling and logistics systems could lead to disruption in the port industry, and APSEZ could be affected by this. Furthermore, the development of new ports, such as the L&T Port in Tamil Nadu, could also pose a threat to APSEZ.

5C Analysis

The 5C Analysis is a marketing framework that can be used to provide insight into the key drivers of success, as well as the risk exposure to various environmental factors.
This (concise) 5C analysis examines the external and internal environment for Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone. It includes analysing the company's customers, competitors, collaborators, context, and capabilities. We have produced this short analysis to identify potential opportunities and threats to Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone, as well as areas where the company needs to improve its operations or strategy.
Company: Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone (APSEZ) is India's largest and most efficient port and logistics company, with a significant presence in the states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.

Collaborators: APSEZ has collaborated with several major port operators and logistics companies, including DP World, CMA CGM Group, and Maersk Line. The company has also partnered with the Government of India to develop and manage ports and maritime infrastructure.

Customers: APSEZ serves a wide range of customers, including importers, exporters, shipping companies, and port operators. The company also provides port and logistics services to the Indian government and its agencies.

Competitors: APSEZ is the largest and most efficient port and logistics company in India, but it still faces competition from other port operators and logistics companies. Some of its major competitors include Mundra Port & SEZ, Gujarat Pipavav Port, and JNPT.

Content: APSEZ is focused on providing efficient and cost-effective port and logistics services to its customers. The company has invested heavily in modern technology and infrastructure to ensure that its services meet the highest standards of quality and reliability.
5C Analysis

MOST Analysis

MOST Analysis

The MOST analysis framework is commonly used to identify an organisation's strategic goals, assess its strengths and weaknesses, and develop a plan to achieve its objectives. This analysis helps organisations to focus on what they want to achieve and how to achieve it, while also identifying potential roadblocks or obstacles that may arise along the way.

  • Mission
  • Objectives
  • Strategy
  • Tactics

We have created this analysis from a 3rd person perspective.

Innovation Scorecard

As part of our research and analysis activity, the team at Platform Executive assesses and then benchmarks businesses and the industry verticals in which they operate using a proprietary scoring mechanism.

First, we allocate a score of A-E for the industry vertical, gauged on the key organisations operating within the space; and then score the individual business using a 1-5 score.

A score of D-E within an industry means that it is potentially ripe to be disrupted by a new entrant into the marketplace; and/or vulnerable to technological change.

Likewise, a high score of 4-5 for the company in question indicates that in the view of the analysis team it lags behind notable businesses in terms of innovation and product pipeline.

Innovation Scorecard

Below is a guide to each score:

Industry score:

A The industry is amongst the most innovative; with the leading players all driving the sector forward.
Example industry: PaaS
B The industry and its leading players have a good track record of innovation; and can quickly react to change.
Example industry: Pharmaceutical
C Companies operating within the sector have adequate levels of innovation; and engage in R&D activities when appropriate.
Example industry: FMCG
DBusinesses operating in the industry do not invest enough time and resource into innovation. The sector is stagnant and a good candidate for disruption.
Example industry: Retail Banking
E The major players in the sector seem to lack suitable product development roadmaps; and as a result the sector is highly vulnerable to industry change.
Example industry: Publishing


Company score:

1 The business is amongst the leading players in terms innovation and product pipeline. This will fulfil and reinforce the operations of the business in the medium to long-term.
2 The business has a good track record of innovation, in terms of its products and/or its business model. It is therefore more likely to be able to react and adapt to any changes to the industry.
3 The business is deemed to have an adequate innovation plan, build on research and development and sustainability where appropriate. The business has a product development strategy.
4The business needs to invest more resource and/or intellectual capital in product development, pipelines and/or its business model. The business is at risk of stagnation.
5 The business seems to lack a suitable product development roadmap; and as a result is vulnerable to any notable industry change and/or new entrants in the marketplace.
The team at Platform Executive has judged Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone as having an innovation score of C2.


The appendices section of this report contains supplementary information that the team at Platform Executive deems helpful in providing a more comprehensive understanding of the report's contents.

This information is not considered an essential part of the study but serves as a useful supplement to the main text.


This study on Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone forms part of our series of competitive intelligence reports, which focuses on 10,000 of the largest corporates.

The information and data included are updated on a timely schedule to ensure that our Premium members receive the most up to date information .

The report is based on information and learning from the following sources:

  • Corporate websites
  • Proprietary research databases
  • SEC Filings
  • Corporate press releases
  • News articles
  • Financial data API's
  • Product-matching algorithm

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The changelog for this report can be found below, complete with the next scheduled update:

v1.1: Initial load of report
Date: 1st March 2023

Key Financials added (BETA)
Date: 17th March 2023

Next scheduled update: 13th June 2023

Industry Keywords