How Does a Solar Panel Produce Energy?

Are you passionate about solar energy and other forms of green energy? How does a solar panel produce energy?

Solar energy has taken off in the last 10 years. The annual growth for the solar industry over the last decade has been 33%.

With federal and state government rebates and incentives, solar is more affordable than ever. If you’re thinking of purchasing solar panels for your home, you may be wondering, “how does a solar panel produce energy?”

In this post, we’re going to answer that question and tell you a few of the biggest solar energy benefits that you’ll see when you go solar. Solar is the most promising source of renewable energy that we have, so keep reading and learn more about how it all works.

What Is Solar Energy?

Did you know that the amount of sunlight that hits the earth in about 90 minutes is enough to power the earth’s entire energy consumption for a year?

Solar energy is the light and heat that radiates from our nearest star, the sun. With various pieces of technology – in this case, solar panels – we use that energy and convert it into electricity that we use in our homes and workplaces.

How Does a Solar Panel Produce Energy?

Solar panels are made of photovoltaic (PV) cells that absorb the sun’s radiation. When the sun hits the silicon in the PV cells, the electrons move away from the atoms, which produces DC electricity. This DC electricity goes into the inverter, which then converts it into the AC electricity that we use in our homes.

The panels themselves contain more than just the PV cells. They’ve got a top layer of glass with an anti-reflective coating that protects the solar cells. As mentioned, the PV cells are made up of two layers of silicon – n-type and p-type.

One solar panel may contain 32, 36, 48, 60, 72, or 96 solar cells. An average home would need between 20 and 25 solar panels to offset its monthly energy usage. The panels are all wired together and connected to the inverter so that solar energy can be converted into usable energy.

Solar Energy Benefits

There are countless benefits to solar energy, the main two being financial and environmental.

When you go solar, you can essentially eliminate your monthly energy bills. Many folks are still put off by the up-front cost of solar, but when you think about your monthly savings and then start to learn about solar incentives, it becomes a no-brainer.

With the federal investment tax credit, you can claim 26% of the cost of solar installation on your taxes. Most places either have state or local rebates that make it even more affordable. If you live in Washington, visit to learn more about its solar incentives.

Environmentally speaking, we’ve been given dire warnings regarding our fossil fuel consumption. If we don’t make sweeping changes, our planet will soon be unliveable. The more people that go solar, the better we can let the planet heal.

Your Solar Energy Guide

Now that we’ve answered the question, “how does a solar panel produce energy?”, and told you some of the benefits of going solar, you can decide if it’s the right decision for you. Once you have solar panels installed on your home, you’ll realize that the savings and the environmental benefits make it all worthwhile.

If you found this helpful, visit us for more on the environment.


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